Temple of Artemis

The SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD

Temple of Artemis

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1d/Miniaturk_009.jpg/275px-Miniaturk_009.jpg
  • Model of Temple of Artemis, Miniatürk Park, Istanbul, Turkey.


The Temple of Artemis (Greek: Ἀρτεμίσιον, or Artemision), also known less precisely as Temple of Diana, was a Greek temple dedicated to a goddess Greeks identified as Artemis that was completed, in its most famous phase, around 550 BC at Ephesus (in present-day Turkey). Though the monument was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, only foundations and sculptural fragments of the temple remain. There were previous temples on its site, where evidence of a sanctuary dates as early as the Bronze Age. The whole temple was made of marble except for the roof.

The temple antedated the Ionic immigration by many years. Callimachus, in his Hymn to Artemis, attributed the origin of the temenos at Ephesus to the Amazons, whose worship he imagines already centered upon an image. In the seventh century the old temple was destroyed by a flood. The construction of the "new" temple, which was to become known as one of the wonders of the ancient world, began around 550 BC. It was a 120-year project, initially designed and built by the Cretan architect Chersiphron and his son Metagenes, at the expense of Croesus of Lydia.

It was described by Antipater of Sidon, who compiled the list of the Seven Wonders:

  • I have set eyes on the wall of lofty Babylon on which is a road for chariots, and the statue of Zeus by the Alpheus, and the hanging gardens, and the colossus of the Sun, and the huge labour of the high pyramids, and the vast tomb of Mausolus; but when I saw the house of Artemis that mounted to the clouds, those other marvels lost their brilliancy, and I said, "Lo, apart from Olympus, the Sun never looked on aught so grand"
The Temple of Artemis was located near the ancient city of Ephesus, about 50 km south from the modern port city of İzmir, in Turkey. Today the site lies on the edge of the modern town of Selçuk.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a9/Temple_of_Artemis.jpg/250px-Temple_of_Artemis.jpg
The Temple of Artemis, as imagined in this hand-coloured
engraving by Martin Heemskerck (1498 - 1574),
has the "old-fashioned" look of Santa Maria Novella
in Florence and other Italian quattrocento
churches of the previous generation.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b2/Ac_artemisephesus.jpg/250px-Ac_artemisephesus.jpg
The site of the Temple today


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